Men's Forum

Next Meeting: “On the origin and limits of earthly authority: Samuel Rutherford's Lex, Rex” 

  • July 19, 6:30 PM @ PURC Fellowship Hall 

  • dinner provided (Thanks, Dan M.!)

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Text: Summary of Rutherford's LEx Rex (.pdf)


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From where do rulers derive power? And under what conditions may they be resisted? Keeping with the spirit of July 4th, we're embarking on a (dignified) discussion of the Biblical and historical origins of the State, according to Samuel Rutherford (c. 1600 – 29 March 1661). This Presbyterian pastor-theologian was a member at the Westminster Assembly. Having already suffered exile for not conforming to the Anglican church, he was later condemned for high treason on account of his book Lex, Rex. He argued that all magistrates are subject to God's law and dissolve their authority through systemic tyranny

Rutherford's ideas were widely influential and helped lay theological groundwork for the American Revolution. King George III went so far as to call it the “Presbyterian Rebellion.” 

This reading provides a summary of Rutherford's ideas and presumed basis in Scripture. Admittedly, it's not the easiest thing we've read, but it is the kind of meat the forum sometimes chews on!

    Questions for study:

    1. What are Rutherford's main arguments against authority based solely on conquest or birth? Do you agree or disagree?
    2. According to Rutherford, what is significant about the time following Saul and David's anointing by Samuel the prophet to be king?
    3. God instills in man a just desire for self-preservation. How does Rutherford believe this contributes to the origin of rulers?
    4. When and in what way does Rutherford argue that it is appropriate to resist governing authority?

    Supplimentary reading: 

    1. The Presbyterian Rebellion” by Richard Gardener
    2. Origins of the Declaration of Independence: Samuel Rutherford’s ‘Lex, Rex’” by David Kopel at The Washington Post

    What it is

    The Men's Forum provides a great occasion for study and fellowship, for long-term members as well as those considering PURC as a church home.

    Each meeting revolves around different articles (appx. 5-25 pages) from classic Christian thinkers. Articles are posted here in advance. After an a brief introduction we discuss the material, followed by fellowship. We compare Scripture and talk about real-life implications of these ideas. 

    WHY WE LIKE this format...

    Since topics change monthly, those who miss a meeting aren't “cut out” of future gatherings. Also, reading is limited to brief articles (under 20 pages). This allows us to encounter a wide variety of voices and topics ranging from biblical and cultural issues, history, systematic theology, and practical ministry.


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    Past Topics

    June 21, 2018

    Adolph Monod's Farewell to His Friends"

    Text: pp. 1-18 of “Adolphe Monod’s Farewell to His Friends and to His Church” (.pdf)


    We discussed the deathbed addresses of a French Reformed pastor, Adolph Monod (1802–1856)., to a small company of ministers and friends. Regarded by some as the “Spurgeon of France,” Monod accepted his early passing with remarkable peace, viewing it as an opportunity to teach others how to die well. This little section (pages 1-18) will give you a glimpse into great faith and godliness in the midst of trial.

    Questions for study:

    1. What do you make of the tension Monod expresses between his depravity and the high call to holiness? (p. 7-8)
    2. According to Monod, in what ways can believers view life and death as blessings? (p. 10-11)
    3. Evaluate Monod's perspective on the frequency of Communion in light of Scripture, Church history, and personal experience (p. 12).
    4. Given our largely-Baptist context, American Christians are sometimes taken aback at the strong language of Christ's "real presence" found in classic Reformed theology. Reflect on the quote (p.12) taken from the Gallican Confession (1559) drafted by John Calvin. Thoughts?
    5. How does Monod's example instruct you about Christian suffering (p.15-16)
    6. Describe the "two ways" Monod says Scripture should be studied (p.17)
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    May 10, 2018

    “Brighton and Breakdown”: Abraham Kuyper’s Foray into Evangelical Revivalism

    Text: Brighton and Breakdown” (.pdf)


    Our next topic combines both theology and history. It revolves around a revival meeting in Brighton, England in 1875. It was attended by a delegation of Dutch Reformed folk, including the venerable Abraham Kuyper. This month's article offers some perspective on the revival, Kuyper's initial support of it, and his later reservations about it. The article also spells out some of Kuyper's warnings about Christian perfectionism.

    Questions for study:

    1. What was Kuyper facing personally, ecclesiastically, and politically prior to the Brighton meetings that appear to have shaped his initially favorable response?

    2. Do you think Kuyper’s many challenges may have contributed in some way to his response? If not, why not? If so, how?

    3. The Brighton meetings occurred approximately 25 years before Kuyper wrote his book entitled “The Work of the Holy Spirit.” What lessons did Kuyper learn from his Brighton experience that may have shaped his writing on the Holy Spirit?

    4. What is your response to Christian perfectionism?

    5. Imagine having attended the Brighton meetings. What elements of the meetings would you have found positive? Negative?

    6. Our assigned reading recounts the rise and fall of the very popular Pearsall Smith. What are some of the unique dangers ecclesiastical celebrities face?

    7. Historian James Bratt wrote: “To the main current of Anglo-American
      evangelicalism Kuyper’s hard-nosed Calvinism offered a clear alternative.” In your estimation, what clear alternatives did Kuyper’s “hard-nosed Calvinism” offer Anglo-American evangelicalism?

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    Apr 12, 2018


    Text (.pdf): Imitating the Incarnation” by B. B. Warfield


    Numerous pastors and professors count this short essay, on the meaning and implications of Christ's humility in Phil 2:5-8, to be among the most potent and cherished of Reformed writings. Warfield writes, “Do we not rightly say that next to our longing to be in Christ is our corresponding longing to be like Christ; that only second in our hearts to His great act of obedience unto death by which He became our Saviour, stands His holy life in our world of sin, by which He becomes our example?” A few sections are somewhat dense, but build to a crescendo.

    Questions for study:

    1. What does Paul mean when he says Christ had “the form of God”?
    2. What kind of nature did Christ assume in the incarnation? 
    3. In what spirit did Christ perform his task?
    4. In what manner are believers now called to imitate Christ's incarnation? 
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    Mar 15, 2018

    Reformed And american

    Text: “Reformed and American” by George Marsden (.pdf)

    This introduction lays out various currents that have shaped the Reformed stream in America and may help us understand the various currents that affect our personal lives as well as PURC as a church.

    Feb 15, 2018

    A Reformed View of Sanctification

    Text: A Reformed View of Sanctification by Wilhelmus a Brakel (.pdf)

    It might be one of the most insightful things you ever read on sanctification. Wilhelmus a Brakel, a Dutch Reformed theologian, really brings the goods. He makes clear and biblical distinctions of Old and New Man, divine sovereignty and human responsibility, and how we practically wage war on sin.

    Jan 18, 2018

    "order vs ardor"

    Timothy Keller on Ardor vs. Order in the ministry of Francis Schaeffer (.pdf) from City Church.

    Dec. 14, 2017

    "Job: Mystery and Faith," by D. A. Carson

    Is there a straightforward answer for why God allows his children to suffer? According to D. A. Carson, there is always a mystery to the question, but there can also be faith. In this essay, Carson explores themes of suffering, sovereignty, and faith in the book of Job.

    Job: Mystery & Faith.pdf

    Nov 9., 2017

    "Silence and Solitude," by Don Whitney, Spiritual Disciplines of the Christian Life

    Life in the digital age can feel like a relentless stream of updates and distractions. This time around, we're considering the spiritual benefits of silence and solitude based on a chapter from Don Whitney's Spiritual Disciplines.

    Silence & Solitude .pdf

    Oct 12., 2017

    “The Letter of Mathetes to Diognetus,” Author Unknown

    This month's article was the wonderful So-Called Letter to Diognetus (this version is specially abridged for the Forum). It's short but substantial, touching on themes related to Christian culture and Christ's atonement.

    Sep 14., 2017

    “A Simple Guide to Prayer,” by Martin Luther.


    We kicked things off with Martin Luther's memorable letter to his barber, A Simple Way to Pray. It's short but rich.

    Supplementary resources: